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By Findley Penn-Hughes

Bachelor Thesis from the yr 2013 within the topic Politics - foreign Politics - zone: a ways East, grade: sixty eight, Durham college (School of presidency & overseas Affairs), direction: Politics, language: English, summary: kingdom and army energy were officially fused in Myanmar because the army coup of 1962. Colonial and pre-colonial reports ahead of this had ensured the production of a countrywide narrative that emphasized solidarity and the survival of the regime specially else. This resulted in the gradual infiltration of army rule within the years following independence in 1948 and eventually to the many years of authoritarian rule and fiscal mismanagement, exacerbated through fiscal sanctions. because the remainder of the quarter begun its post-colonial transition in the direction of democracy and prosperity, brutal army crackdowns and reprisals following populist uprisings in 1988 and 2007 appeared in simple terms to verify Myanmar’s resilience. Following the suppression of the 2007 rebellion, it seemed that the carry of the army junta was once absolute.

The declaration in 2008 via the ruling nation Peace and improvement Council (SPDC) of wide-ranging reforms as a part of the ‘roadmap to democracy’ hence represented the best desire of democratic reform for part a century. Following the enactment of constitutional reforms and trumpeted elections in 2010, the country now represents an ostensibly democratic, constitutional procedure. all through early 2011 the newly shaped ‘civilian’ executive published over seven-hundred political prisoners, oversaw a rest of media censorship and legalised the correct to unionisation at the side of a re-emergence of competition politics.

This essay examines how the pass over among the problems of 'ethnicity' in Myanmar and the perceived position of the army one of the army institution because the sole protectors of the team spirit of the Union of Myanmar act to create political stagnation within the state. by means of undertaking the political method on their phrases, the army is making sure that competition politics is robbed of the political house with which to deal with the ethnic nationalities head on. The NLD is now the single workforce that has the cultural and political potential to do that. In its non-stop failure to take action it might probably but plunge Myanmar right into a interval of political instability as soon as again.

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A Fool's Paradise? Ethnicity, Military and Prospects for Democratisation in Myanmar by Findley Penn-Hughes


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